God hopes that the people of Israel will be reverent – does this mean they have free will? Or does God still control a great deal through laws of nature?
The concept of a moral minyan can be derived from Ibn Ezra’s commentary on Abraham challenging God’s plan to destroy Sodom.
Torah, they would say in the medieval period, is God’s law. It teaches us how to live. But what happens when two laws conflict? Rashbam harmonizes.